1、The Palace Museum The Palace Museum, also called the Forbidden City, is located in the center of Beijing 、 The imperial palace used by emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties is the largest and most complete ancient woodenstructure building complex in the world 、 Construction of the Forbidden City started in 1406 and lasted 14 years、24 emperors were enthroned there. 2、The Great wall The Great Wall, located in northern China, is 6,700 kilometers long and thus known as the “10,000li Great Wall”、Construction of the wall went on for more than 2,000 years, from 7 th century to 14 th century AD、The wall has become a symbol of both China ’ s proud historyand its present strength. 3、Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum and Terracotta Army Qinshihuang ’ s Mausoleum is located in Lintong District, 35 kilometers east of Xi ’ an, capital of Shaanxi Province、Construction ofthe mausoleum lasted
38 years and involved over 700,000 workers、Over the years, a total of 50,000 important cultural relics have been unearthed、In 1980, two bronze painted horsedrawn chariots were unearthed、They are the largest and most complete bronze chariots and horses discovered so far、In 1974, farmers who were digging a well about kilometers east of Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum discovered three vaults containing Qinshihuang ’ s Buried Legion 、 The largest of the three vaults contains 6,000 lifesize terracotta warriors and horses 、 The collection of warriors is often dubbed the “eighthwonder of the world”.
4、Zhoukoudian: Home of the Peking Man Remains of the Peking Man (homo erectus) are located on the Dragon Bone Hill at Zhoukoudian Village, Fangshan District, Beijing 、 In the 1920s, archaeologists discovered the complete skull of Peking Man、Later, more skull bones as well as stone and bone instruments were unearthed、Peking Man lived 690,000 years ago, during Paleolithic times、Findings indicate that Peking Man knew how to make fires. 5、The Mogao Grottoes at Dunhuang
Dunhuang Grottoes comprise of the Mogao grottoes, West 1,000Buddha Cave, and Yulin Cave 、 The Mogao Grottoes, representative of the three sites, are located 25 kilometers southwest of Dunhuang City, Gansu Province、Construction of the grottoes began in 366 AD、 The welldesigned grottoes are a treasure house containing painting, sculptures, documents, and cultural relics.
6、The Huangshan Mountain Located in Huangshan City in southern Anhui
Province, the scenic area of the Huangshan Mountain covers 154 square kilometers and is famous for its four wonders: strangelyshaped pines, grotesque rock formations, seas of clouds and hot springs、It also features a natural zoo and botanical garden.
7、Huanglong The Huanglong Scenic Area is located in Songpan County, Sichuan Province、Calcified ponds, beaches, waterfalls and embankments characterize Huanglong scenery. 8、Chengde Summer Resorts and Surrounding Temples Chengde Summer Resort, known as “ The Mountain
Hamlet for Escaping the Heat”, is located in northern Chengde, Hebei Province、Qing Emperors used to spend their summer days handling state affairs at the resort、 Construction of the resort lasted from 1703 to 1792、It is the largest and bestpreserved imperial palace outside the capital、Many of the scenic spots around the resort’s lake area mimic famous landscaped gardens in southern China, and the buildings of the Outer Eight Temples feature architectural style of minority ethnic groups such as Mongolian, Tibetan and Uygur.
9、Qufu, Confusius’Mansion, Temple and Cemetery Qufu, in southwestern Shandong Province, was the capital of the state of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period (770476 BC) and the hometown of Confusius, a great thinker and educator、Confucius’Mansion was the residence of Confucius’ eldest male descendants for generation、The mansion holds more than 9,000 volumes of archives dating from 1534 to 1948 and many cultural relics, ancient costumes, and utensils、Confucius’ Temple is famous for its 2,000 stone steles and more than 100 portrait stones from the Han Dynasty 、 Confucius’Cemetery houses tombs for Confucius and his
descendants. 10、Potala Palace Potala Palace in Lhasa is situated on Red Hill 3,700 meters
above the sea level、The palace was built by Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo in the 7 th century for Tang Princess Wencheng 、 Potala features the essence of ancient Tibetan architectural art and houses many artifacts of the Tubo Kingdom.
11、The Lushan Mountain The Lushan Mountain, located south of Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province, is one of the most famous mountains in China、The mountain features beautiful peaks, seas of clouds, waterfalls and historical sites 、 Bailu Academy is one of Chinese first schools of higher learning 、 13 、 The Emei Mountain and Leshan Giant Buddha The Emei Mountain is one of China’s four famous Buddhist Mountains 、 It is located 7 kilometers southwest of Emeishan City, Sichuan Province、There are 150 temples on the mountain、The mountain features more than 3,000 plant species and 2,000 varieties of animals、Leshan Giant Buddha is located on the east bank of the Minjiang River in Leshan city, Sichuan
Province、The Buddha is carved out of a cliff and, being meters tall, is the largest sitting Buddha in China、 Carving of the Buddha started in 713 and was completed in803、The body of Buddha has a water drainage system to prevent erosion.
12、Ancient Buildings on the Wudang Mountain The Wudang Mountain, located in northwestern Hubei Province, is a sacred Taoist mountain that is best known as the birthplace of Wudang martial arts、The Gold Hall built on the mountain in 1416 represents advanced architectural styleand building techniques of that period.